what borders canada

The island is part of Charlotte County, New Brunswick, but is actually physically connected by the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge with Lubec, Maine, the easternmost tip of the continental United States. Data refreshed October 2017", "Manitoba boaters stunned by new cross-border rule", Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control, 1867–1967, Enhancing Border Security: Local Values and Preferences at the Blue Water Bridge (Point Edward, Canada), World Wars and Interwar Years (1914–1945), Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Immigration Reform and Control Act (1986), Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) (1996), Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) (1997), American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act (ACWIA) (1998), American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act (AC21) (2000), Legal Immigration Family Equity Act (LIFE Act) (2000), Trump administration family separation policy, U.S. The border then reaches the St. Lawrence River, proceeding through it until finally, at 45°00′N 74°40′W / 45.000°N 74.667°W / 45.000; -74.667, the border splits from the River and continues into Québec.[60]. The ferry between Maine and Nova Scotia ended its operations in 2009, resuming again in 2014. The treaty redefined the border between New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York on the one hand, and the Province of Canada on the other, resolving the Indian Stream dispute and the Fort Blunder dilemma at the outlet to Lake Champlain. ", Green Island (Fortune), Newfoundland and Labrador, Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, surveyed and marked by John Collins and Thomas Valentine, northwesternmost point of the Lake of the Woods, List of Canada–United States border crossings, Del Bonita/Whetstone International Airport, Churubusco–Franklin Centre Border Crossing, List of areas disputed by Canada and the United States, United States Customs and Border Protection, United States Border Patrol interior checkpoints, "Canada & The United States (Bizarre Borders Part 2)", "British-American Diplomacy The Webster-Ashburton Treaty", "Reports upon the survey of the boundary between the territory of the United States and the possessions of Great Britain from the Lake of the woods to the summit of the Rocky mountains", "Report of the International Waterways Commission upon the International Boundary between the Dominion of Canada and the United States through the St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes as Ascertained and Re-established pursuant to Article IV of the Treaty between Great Britain and the United States signed 11th April 1908", Organization Chart, International Boundary Commission, "How the shutdown after 9/11 paved the way for the new Canada-U.S. border response to COVID-19", "U.S.-Canada joint initiative: Temporary restriction of travellers crossing the U.S.-Canada border for non-essential purposes", Canada, U.S. agree to keep borders closed another 30 days: sources, "Canada-U.S. border closure extended again amid tension over restrictions", "Canada to keep border with U.S. closed until at least Oct. 21, says source", "Non-essential travel restrictions at Canada-U. There are several such buildings that exist along the U.S.–Canada border: The Maine–New Brunswick border divides the Aroostook Valley Country Club.[70]. Canada does not maintain equivalent personnel at U.S. airports due to the sheer number of Canada-bound flights from U.S. departure locations, as well as because of the limited number of flights compared to that of U.S.-bound flights that depart major Canadian airports. The Canada-US border is the world's longest boundarybetween two countries with a total length of 5,525 miles. Water runway only; land runway does not cross border. Only four international rail lines currently carry passengers between the U.S. and Canada. It cuts across lakes, forests, glaciers, and towns. However, this peninsula and the island to its south are connected by road bridges directly to the United States mainland (as well as by a freight [and former passenger] rail line), such that it is possible to make a through journey in and out of the Alburgh Tongue without entering Canada. ; Northwest Angle, Minnesota; and Hyder, Alaska, are allowed to enter Canada without the mandatory 14-day quarantine. Taillon's International Hotel – straddling the US–Canada border! Manitoba border North Dakota and Minnesota. The entire length of the boundary is about 393 miles long. The boundary stretches for 5,525 miles (8,891 km) from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean to the west. [61] This border heads inland towards the east, remaining on or near the parallel. In the following decades, the United States and the United Kingdom concluded several treaties that settled the major boundary disputes between the two, enabling the border to be demilitarized. ROB GILLIES, Associated Press. The Canadian territory of Yukon shares its entire border with the U.S. state of Alaska, beginning at the Beaufort Sea at 69°39′N 141°00′W / 69.650°N 141.000°W / 69.650; -141.000 and proceeds southwards along the 141st meridian west. [8], In 1903, following a dispute, a joint United Kingdom–Canada–U.S. US borders with Canada, Mexico to stay closed to non-essential travel until November 21; US election roundup: Early voting in Florida, Indian-Americans rally for Biden, Trump & more Following the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States, security along the border was dramatically tightened by the two countries in both populated and rural areas. Between Quebec and Vermont, Province Island is a piece of land that primarily lies in Canada, though a small portion of the island is situated in the U.S. state, lying south of the 45th parallel with a border vista marking the international boundary. Way back in August, Canada extended its international travel restrictions through to October. [14] The closure has been extended several times since March 21, and is currently slated to expire on December 21, 2020. Four of the ferries operate only on a seasonal basis. It also provided for the removal of British military and administration from Detroit, as well as other frontier outposts on the U.S. side. The part of the 45th parallel that separates Quebec from the U.S. states of Vermont and New York had first been surveyed from 1771 to 1773 after it had been declared the boundary between New York (including what later became Vermont) and Quebec. The Canada-US border is the world's longest boundary between two countries with a total length of 5,525 miles. Saskatchewan borders Montana and North Dakota along the 49th Parallel North. The Halfway House (also known as Taillon's International Hotel) is a tavern, built in 1820 before the border was surveyed, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 20:50. Del Bonita/Whetstone International Airport, located in Del Bonita, Alberta and Del Bonita, Montana, has an east–west runway sited exactly on the border, similar to Coutts/Ross. The Treaty of 1818 saw expansion of both British North America and the US, where the boundary extended westward along the 49th parallel, from the Northwest Angle at Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. The United States of America borders Canada to the south and to the west (Alaska). "[72]:283 Thus, a pene-exclave has land borders with other territory but is not completely surrounded by the other's land or territorial waters. Despite its size, Canada shares a land boundary with the United States only and maritime borders with the French overseas territories of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and the Danish autonomous territory of Greenland. At 45°00′N 71°30′W / 45.000°N 71.500°W / 45.000; -71.500, the border begins to follow various natural features of the Appalachian Mountains, continuing to do so until 46°25′N 70°03′W / 46.417°N 70.050°W / 46.417; -70.050, where it begins to head northbound, then northeastward at 46°41′N 69°59′W / 46.683°N 69.983°W / 46.683; -69.983. In 2014 they objected to a process that made their crossing more tedious; believing it violated their treaty rights of free passage. The Canada–United States border is the world’s longest international boundary. This amounted to three small areas, consisting of the northern part of the drainages of the Milk River (today in southern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan), the Poplar River (Saskatchewan), and Big Muddy Creek (Saskatchewan). In Minnesota, Elm Point, two small pieces of land to its west (Buffalo Bay Point), and the Northwest Angle are bounded by the province of Manitoba and Lake of the Woods. Similar to that of the pre-clearance facilities at Canadian airports, arrangements exist at major Canadian seaports that handle sealed direct import shipments into the U.S. A large part of the 309-mile long boundary lies along the 49th Parallel North except for the eastern end where it makes a sharp turn to the north before turning back south. In the interest of maintaining neutrality, U.S. military pilots were forbidden to deliver combat aircraft to Canada. The Canada-U.S. border will remain closed until December 21. The treaty extinguished British claims to the south of that line up to the Red River Valley, which was part of Rupert's Land. The privately owned airfield is mostly in the U.S., but several hundred feet of the north–south runway extend into Canada. Finally, at 47°27′N 69°13′W / 47.450°N 69.217°W / 47.450; -69.217, the border heads toward Beau Lake, going through it and continuing into New Brunswick. There are 39 railroads that cross the U.S.–Canada border, nine of which are no longer in use. As such, both Canadian and U.S. customs are available. Only 2 of the 119 crossings are one-way, the Churubusco–Franklin Centre Border Crossing, where travellers may enter only the United States; and the Four Falls Border Crossing, where travellers may enter only Canada. As Europe proposes anti-terrorism measures, who will control state-funded terrorism? The borderline rises from the southern tip of Beau Lake and runs through the Saint John River before turning southwards into the Chiputneticook Lakes. The new Order in Council is being updated to roll travel restrictions over for another 30 days. This rule, which marked the first phase of the initiative, was implemented on January 23, 2007, specifying six forms of identification acceptable for crossing the U.S. border (depending on mode):[38][39]. Such airports were built prior to the U.S. entry into World War II as a way to legally transfer U.S.-built aircraft, such as the Lockheed Hudson, to Canada under the provisions of the Lend-Lease Act. per plane) as well as the American military.[64]. The United States (U.S.) is cooperating closely with Canada to ensure that North American has a coordinated approach to combating the pandemic caused by the coronavirus also known as COVID-19. Except for Prince Edward Island, all Canadian provinces and territories that do not share a border with the U.S. share at least one provincial border with one that does. The agreed-upon boundary included the line from the northwest angle of Nova Scotia to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River, and proceeded down along the middle of the river to the 45th parallel of north latitude. [19] The 2020 closure was reportedly the first blanket, long-term closure of the Canada–US border since the War of 1812. There are also several ferry services in the Great Lakes operating between the province of Ontario and the states of Michigan, New York, and Ohio. From here, the boundary heads northwestward until it reaches 43°27′N 79°12′W / 43.450°N 79.200°W / 43.450; -79.200, where it makes a sharp turn towards the northeast. Those that cross are required to report to customs, which are stationed further inland. Ontario has the longest border with the United States at 1,715 miles, and Alberta has the shortest at 185 miles. These procedures expedite travel by allowing flights originating in Canada to land at a U.S. airport without being processed as an international arrival. Both Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Public Safety Minister Bill Blair confirmed the news on Twitter. Discussions between inter-governmental agencies were being pursued on the feasibility of relocating the Canadian border inspection facilities on the U.S. side of the border. The border proceeds through the St. Croix to Passamaquoddy Bay, which then leads it to Grand Manan Island into the middle of the Bay of Fundy. [77], "Borders of Canada" redirects here. [47], In August 2017, the border between Quebec and New York saw an influx of up to 500 irregular crossings each day, by individuals seeking asylum in Canada. [41] Although permanent residents of Canada and the United States are eligible for FAST or NEXUS, they are required to travel with a passport and proof of permanent residency upon arrival at the Canadian border. on the property of a bed-and-breakfast in Blaine, Washington, but agents estimate that they caught only about 5% of smugglers. [20], Essential travel, as defined by Canadian and US regulations, includes travel for employment or education purposes. While it’s unlikely Canada will reopen its southerly border until U.S. Covid infection rates improve (and until Canada gets its own second wave under control), the … Conversely in order to cross into Canada, a traveller must also carry identification, as well as a valid visa (if necessary) when crossing the border. Along with the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota (west to east), nearly the entire Canada–U.S. The largest provincial international border, most of the border is a water boundary. border, each covering a designated "area of responsibility"; the sectors are (from west to east) based in Blaine, Washington; Spokane, Washington; Havre, Montana; Grand Forks, North Dakota; Detroit, Michigan; Buffalo, New York; Swanton, Vermont; and Houlton, Maine.[32]. He later abandoned the idea following vocal opposition from Canadian officials.[26][27]. In the wake of the impromptu border closure, procedures were jointly developed to ensure that commercial traffic could cross the border even if people were restricted from crossing. Several seaplane bases have water runways that cross the border, though the extent to which they do may be difficult to ascertain. For the Canada–Denmark border, see, International border between Canada and the USA. They are required to report such construction to their respective governments. These procedures were later used for a border closure caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. [13], In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the governments of Canada and the United States agreed to close the border to "non-essential" travel on March 21, 2020, for an initial period of 30 days. Hence, they are exclaves for practical purposes, without meeting the strict definition. Point Roberts, Washington is bounded by British Columbia, the Strait of Georgia, and Boundary Bay. At 5,525 miles long, the Canada-United States border is the longest land border in the world. The only country that shares a border with Canada is the United States. [73]:60 Catudal (1974) and Vinokurov (2007)[71]:31–33 provide examples to further elaborate, including Point Roberts, Washington: "Although physical connections by water with Point Roberts are entirely within the sovereignty of the United States, land access is only possible through Canada. Both nations are also actively involved in detailed and extensive tactical and strategic intelligence sharing. It follows the path of the Appalachian Mountains until 46°25′N, 70°03′W where it turns north towards Beau Lake before terminating at the border with New Brunswick. "[74]:113 Practical exclaves can exhibit continuity of state territory across territorial waters but, nevertheless, a discontinuity on land, such as in the case of Point Roberts.[71]:47. The dispute was resolved in the Oregon Treaty of 1846, which established the 49th parallel as the boundary through the Rockies.[5][6]. There are six border crossing points on the border with North Dakota and a further six on the border with Montana. [41] American permanent residents who are NEXUS members also require Electronic Travel Authorization when crossing the Canadian border.[41]. Canada, US poised to extend border restrictions to Aug. 21 Summer vacations north of the border not likely this year. The entire Canada–U.S. New Brunswick shares a 318-mile long boundary with Maine. BC's Alaskan border, continuing from that of Yukon's, proceeds through the St. Elias Mountains, followed by Mt. The borderline runs through Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, and the Saint Lawrence River into Quebec. This survey focused on the border from the Lake of the Woods to the summit of the Rocky Mountains. [56] At 59°48′N 135°28′W / 59.800°N 135.467°W / 59.800; -135.467, the border begins a general southeastward direction along the Coast Mountains. International Peace Garden Airport is located in Boissevain, Manitoba and Dunseith, North Dakota adjacent to the International Peace Garden. The province of Ontario shares its border (west to east) with the U.S. states of Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. Additionally, because of the terrain, several municipalities in southeast Alaska (the "Panhandle") are inaccessible by road, except via Canada. Universities, colleges and … The northwest–southeast-oriented runway straddles the border, and there are two ramps: one in the U.S. and one in Canada. The total length of the border is about 1,347 miles of which only 45 miles are shared with Idaho. The airport is officially owned by the state of Montana and run by the state's DOT Aeronautics Division, thus it's been assigned a U.S. identifier only. British Columbia shares a boundary with Alaska to the northwest and the states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana to the south. It traverses through St. Croix River and the Passamaquoddy Bay before terminating upon reaching international Waters. territory. From Lake Erie the border is lead into the Niagara River, which takes it into Lake Ontario. There are five sections in this article that each provide a list of a particular POE type: During this occupation, the Canadian flag was replaced with the flag of the Mohawk people. To travel by land to elsewhere in Canada, one must drive through New York State. The parallel had been established in the 1760s as the boundary between the provinces of Quebec and New York (including what would later become the State of Vermont). July 14, 2020 Updated: July 14, 2020 11:58 a.m. The US-Canada border from the Canada side. Quebec has a 505-mile long boundary with the states of New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), Unaccompanied minors from Central America, List of people deported from the United States, Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act 2006, Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act 2007, Uniting American Families Act (2000–2013), Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013, Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles, Coalition for Comprehensive Immigration Reform, Federation for American Immigration Reform, California Coalition for Immigration Reform, National Korean American Service & Education Consortium (NAKASEC), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canada–United_States_border&oldid=991202445, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to dispute, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from March 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Private homes divided by the boundary line between, A seasonal home divided at the intersection of Matthias Lane in. However, Great Britain wanted a border that followed the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean. [35][36], Prior to 2007, American and Canadian citizens were only required to produce a birth certificate, and driver's license/government-issued identification card when crossing the Canada–United States border. October 31 – Canada reopening land borders with some US states. The land-based facilities for the bases are all contained within one country or the other, however, leading to multiple situations where twin seaplane bases may share the same body of water. Alberta shares a boundary with Montana along the 49th Parallel North. The agencies currently responsible for facilitating legal passage through the international boundary are the Canada Border Ser… The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States. [23], Business advocacy groups, noting the substantial economic impact of the closure on both sides of the border, have called for more nuanced restrictions in place of the current blanket ban on non-essential travel. [44][45], In May 2009, the Mohawk people of Akwesasne occupied the area around the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) port of entry building to protest the Canadian government's decision to arm its border agents while operating on Mohawk territory. [15][16][17][18] The United States closed its border with Mexico contemporaneously with the Canada–US closure. Much of the borderline runs through thick forests except for a few border crossing points. The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest international border in the world between two countries. border), which is actively patrolled by U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel to prevent illegal migration and drug trafficking. "USGS The National Map: Orthoimagery. border is the presence of six airports and eleven seaplane bases whose runways straddle the borderline. The entire boundary is about 185 miles long. Don't bet on the U.S.-Canadian border reopening after the closure agreement expires Oct. 21.. While not jointly owned, it is operated as an international facility for customs clearance as part of the Peace Garden. Residents of both nations who own property adjacent to the border are forbidden to build within the six-meter-wide (almost 20 feet) boundary vista without permission from the International Boundary Commission. The length of the terrestrial boundary is 8,891 kilometers (5,525 mi) long, including bodies of water and the border between Alaska and Canada that spans 2,475 kilometers (1,538 mi). In 1909, under the Boundary Waters Treaty, the International Joint Commission was established for Canada and the U.S. to investigate and approve projects that affect the waters and waterways along the border. The land border has two sections: Canada's border with the contiguous U.S. to its south, and Canada's border with the U.S. state of Alaska to its west. Earlier this month, Canadian … [62] The border moves through the River until 47°04′N 67°47′W / 47.067°N 67.783°W / 47.067; -67.783, where it splits from the river and heads southward into the Chiputneticook Lakes at 45°56′N 67°47′W / 45.933°N 67.783°W / 45.933; -67.783, which subsequently leads the border to the St. Croix River. The bi-national International Boundary Commission deals with issues relating to marking and maintaining the boundary, and the International Joint Commission deals with issues concerning boundary waters. It was surveyed again after the War of 1812. One curiosity on the Canada–U.S. The border proceeds through Lake St. Clair, reaching the Detroit River, which leads it to Lake Erie. The treaty resolved the Aroostook War, a dispute over the boundary between Maine, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada. border in Manitoba lies on the 49th parallel north. The Rush–Bagot Treaty of 1817 provided a plan for demilitarizing the two combatant sides in the War of 1812 and also laid out preliminary principles for drawing a border between British North America and the United States. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Monday the country is closing its borders to anyone other than Canadian citizens, permanent residents and -- at least for now -- US citizens. It is illegal to cross the border outside border controls, as anyone crossing the border must be checked per immigration[28][29] and customs laws. Although Canada and the U.S. have agreed to close their shared land border to non-essential travel, they don’t appear to agree on several related issues — including what to do next. The border follows the strait in a northward direction, but turns sharply eastward through Boundary Pass, separating the Canadian Gulf Islands from the American San Juan Islands. There are 13 international ferry crossings operating between the U.S. and Canada. Eight Canadian provinces share the boundary with thirteen American states. From here, it proceeds eastward through the Angle Inlet into the Lake of the Woods, turning southward at 41°19′N 94°48′W / 41.317°N 94.800°W / 41.317; -94.800 where it continues into the Rainy River. Akwesasne: The Quebec western portion of the Akwesasne reserve is a practical exclave of Canada because of the St. Lawrence River to the north, the St. Regis River to the east, New York State, U.S. to the south. In remote areas, where staffed border crossings are not available, there are hidden sensors on roads, trails, railways, and wooded areas, which are located near crossing points. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) identifies the chief issues along the border as domestic and international terrorism; drug smuggling and smuggling of products (such as tobacco) to evade customs duties; and illegal immigration. [32] A June 2019 U.S. Government Accountability Office report identified specific staffing and resource shortfalls faced by the CBP on the Northern border than adversely impact enforcement actions; the U.S. Border Patrol "identified an insufficient number of agents that limited patrol missions along the northern border" while CBP Air and Marine Operations "identified an insufficient number of agents along the northern border, which limited the number and frequency of air and maritime missions. The treaty also extinguished U.S. claims to land north of that line in the watershed of the Missouri River, which was part of the Louisiana Purchase. Yet, the border will remain closed till January, at least. The border splits a shoreline, putting Canadian cabins on one side and the beach and boat docks for those cabins on the U.S. side, while land access is only through Canada. The airport is jointly owned by the Canadian and U.S. government, with its east–west runway sited exactly on the borderline. Unlike exclaves, they are not entirely surrounded by foreign territory. In total, 13 American states share the boundary with 8 Canadian provinces. S. border extended to at least Nov. 21", "Trump announces U.S.-Mexico border closure to stem spread of coronavirus", "Shuttered Canada-US border highlights different approaches to the pandemic – and differences between the 2 countries", "Canada-U.S. border rules and restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic explained", Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Canada, "Frustration grows with no apparent end in sight for Canada-U.S. border ban", "Stefanik, Higgins call for guidance on reopening border", "U.S. has dropped idea of placing troops near Canadian border: official", "U.S. backs down after Canada slams proposal for American troops along the border", CBP Identified Resource Challenges but Needs Performance Measures to Assess Security Between Ports of Entry, Political Time Bombs Litter Harper's Path, "ACLU Assails 100-Mile Border Zone as 'Constitution-Free' – Update", "Far From Canada, Aggressive U.S. Border Patrols Snag Foreign Students", "Timeline: Travel documents at the Canada-U.S. border", "Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative: The Basics", "Travel documents and identification requirements", "Drug tunnel found under Canada border: Five arrests made after agents monitored construction", "Fifteen People Arrested for Possession of Contraband Tobacco during High Intensity Enforcement Project", "Cornwall border reopened after Mohawk dispute", "New Cornwall bridge opens, but it still feels closed to Mohawks", "Number Of Asylum Seekers At Quebec Border Nearly Quadrupled In July: Officials", "Canada is not a safe haven for asylum seekers, Trudeau warns", "Trudeau says steps to tackle spike in asylum-seekers yielding 'positive results, U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico Border Lengths, Places to Fly – Dunseith / International Peace Garden, "13 strange facts about the town of Hyder Alaska". 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Oregon Treaty of 1846, but several hundred feet of the border proceeds away from the of! And Nova Scotia ended its operations in 2009, resuming again in 2014 share! John River before turning southwards into the St. Elias Mountains with some States... Required to report such construction to their respective governments at Rouses point New... South of the borderline runs through thick forests except for a total length of 5,525 miles Saskatchewan lie on property. Tobacco and firearms from the Atlantic Ocean in the world 's longest boundarybetween two countries earlier this,! In Piney, Manitoba and Pinecreek, Minnesota of 1783 ended the American State of.! St. Croix River and the northwest to Maine the east to the south drug.. Street is the world ’ s longest international border in the interest maintaining! Were being pursued on the feasibility of relocating the Canadian and U.S. government, with its east–west runway sited on. By floatplane opened to southbound traffic, northbound traffic was blocked on the U.S., several. Came across in April 2018 for a total length of 5,525 miles border, though the extent to which have...

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