Japan has stratovolcanoes near the subduction zones of the tectonic plates.  The development of advanced technology has permitted the construction of skyscrapers even in earthquake-prone areas. Maximum precipitation, like the rest of East Asia, occurs in the summer months except on the Sea of Japan coast where strong northerly winds produce a maximum in late autumn and early winter. The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan measures Japan's territory annually in order to continuously grasp the state of the national land. It was characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches. Since the 1960s improvements in construction, flood prevention, high tides detection and early warnings substantially reduced the death toll which rarely exceeds a dozen people per typhoon. Pacific Ocean: the climate varies greatly between the north and the south, but generally winters are significantly milder and sunnier than those of the side that faces the Sea of Japan. Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis occur several times per century. , The MTL moves right-lateral strike-slip, at about 5–10 millimeters per year. During the summer months (May to September), the cities are hot and humid, with heavy rainfall â¦ As Mount Fuji and the coastal Japanese Alps provide a rain shadow, Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures receive the least precipitation in Honshu, though it still exceeds 900 millimetres (35 in) annually.  Northeastern Japan, north of Tanakura fault, had high volcanic activity 14–17 million years before present. It is the remains of the ancient eruption of a colossal volcano.  Japan captured 4,074,580 metric tons of fish in 2005, down from 4,987,703 tons in 2000 and 9,864,422 tons in 1980. , The Sea of Japan was a landlocked sea when the land bridge of East Asia existed circa 18,000 BCE. 藤田和男ほか監修 佐々木詔雄ほか編著 『天然ガスの本』 日刊工業新聞 2008年3月25日初版1刷発行, Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. The Kantō Plain, Osaka Plain and Nōbi Plain are the most important economic, political and cultural areas of Japan. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. 27 Continued burning of oil, gas, and treesâand a midâlevel scenario for future heatâtrapping emissionsâare projected â¦ However, its climate varies from cool humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) in the north such as northern Hokkaido, to warm tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af) in the south such as the Yaeyama Islands and Minami-Tori-shima. It is 9 hours ahead of UTC.  The highest point in the country is Mount Fuji (Fujisan, also erroneously called Fujiyama), a volcano dormant since 1707 that rises to 3,776 m (12,388 ft) above sea level in Shizuoka Prefecture. Japan is an island country comprising a stratovolcanic archipelago over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) along East Asia's Pacific coast.  More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, a 9.1-magnitude quake which hit Japan on March 11, 2011. ", "Japan aims for 24% renewable energy but keeps nuclear central", "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas", Japan Statistics Bureau – Keihin'yō Major Metropolitan Area, "Discover the Geography of the 4 Main Islands of Japan", Satellite images of stable night time lights in Japan, "City of the future sinks into the ocean", "M 9.1 – near the east coast of Honshu, Japan", "Devastation as Tsunami Crashes Into Japan", "巨大カルデラ噴火のメカニズムとリスクを発表 (Announce the mechanism and risk of a huge caldera eruption)", "Giant lava dome confirmed in Japan's Kikai Caldera", "NASA is trying to figure out how to contain a supervolcano that could destroy humanity", Annual Report on the Environment in Japan 2006, "Colton's Japan: Nippon, Kiusiu, Sikok, Yesso and the Japanese Kuriles", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Japan&oldid=991253752#Climate, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States Geological Survey, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, varied; tropical in the south to cool continental in the north, and mountainous areas being. Without the Japanese archipelago it would just be the Pacific Ocean.  These air flows are full of moisture and deposit substantial amounts of rain when they reach land. The Mongols tried to invade Japan twice and failed in 1274 and 1281. The Taiheiyō Belt is a megalopolis that includes the Greater Tokyo Area and Keihanshin megapoles. These are also called the mainland. For example, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name (Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, Tohoku University, etc.). Annual Weather Averages Near Tokyo. It is estimated that there are approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of methane clathrate in the eastern Nankai Trough of Japan. ", "Japan's international cooperation for energy efficiency and conservation in Asian region", "Centuries worth of rare earth elements found in Japan's EEZ", "Japan National Aquaculture Sector Overview", "World fisheries production, by capture and aquaculture, by country (2010)", "Japan nuclear power-free as last reactor shuts", "Is Japan the Next Boom Market for the Geothermal Energy Industry? Kawanabe, H.; Nishino, M.; and Maehata, M., editors (2012). Mid June to mid July is generally the rainy season in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, excluding Hokkaidō since the seasonal rain front or baiu zensen (梅雨前線) dissipates in northern Honshu before reaching Hokkaido. The land bridge disappeared when the sea levels rose in the Jōmon period around 10,000 BCE.. Beyond the pyroclastic area is volcanic ash that falls from the sky. Shikoku (四国) is the second smallest of the five main islands (after Okinawa island), 18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi). Thus Japan is fairly insulated from continental issues. To the north the Sea of Okhotsk separates it from the Russian Far East, to the west the Sea of Japan separates it from the Korean Peninsula, to the southwest the East China Sea separates the Ryukyu Islands from China and Taiwan, to the east is the Pacific Ocean. The heat could be used by a geothermal plant to generate geothermal energy and electricity. Japan Mountain Weather Forecast Maps. The Exclusive economic zone of Japan has an estimated large quantities of mineral resources such as methane clathrate, natural gas, metallic minerals and rare-earth mineral reserves.  The MTL begins near Ibaraki Prefecture, where it connects with the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line (ISTL) and the Fossa Magna. The Japanese islands are formed of the mentioned geological units parallel to the subduction front. There are three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast, the Japan Basin in the north and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. In October 2004, Typhoon Tokage caused heavy rain in Kyushu and central Japan with 98 casualties. The climate from June to September is marked by hot, wet weather brought by tropical airflows from the Pacific Ocean and Southeast Asia. Japan Weather Map. Tokyo, Japan: Annual Weather Averages.  The Exclusive Economic Zone stretches from the baseline out to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its coast.  Five or six typhoons pass over or near Japan every year from early August to early October, sometimes resulting in significant damage.  As of 2019, the methane clathrate in the deep sea remains unexploited, because the necessary technology is not established yet. Approximately 15,000 km (9,300 mi) of oceanic floor has passed under the Japanese archipelago in the last 450 million years, with most being fully subducted. On the western shores, they are narrow particularly along the Korean and Russian coast, averaging about 30 km (19 mi).  Japan is scarce in critical natural resources and has long been heavily dependent on imported energy and raw materials. Thus Japan's industrial sector became even more dependent than before on imported fossil fuels. This makes determination of the geological history and composition difficult and it is not yet fully understood. It is the worst volcanic disaster in the country's recorded history.  Tokyo is at about 35 degrees north latitude, comparable to that of Tehran, Athens, or Las Vegas.. Weather patterns and temperatures vary across the country but generally, the best time to visit Japan is spring (March & April) or autumn (October & November), when days are sunny and dry. Japan considers the northern territories (aka Southern Chishima) part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture. Japan has 108 active volcanoes (10% of the world's active volcanoes) because of active plate tectonics in the Ring of Fire. Lake Biwa was created by plate tectonics in an active rift zone. What is Winter in Japan Like? Between July and October, typhoons, grown from tropical depressions generated near the equator, can attack Japan with furious rainstorms.  The Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji did not have a lava flow, but it did release some 800 million cubic metres (28×10^9 cu ft) of volcanic ash. This makes it difficult to meet Japan's food demand without imports. , In 2018, 250 km (160 mi) south of Minami-Tori-shima at 5,700 m (18,700 ft) deep, approximately 16 million tons of rare-earth minerals were discovered by JAMSTEC in collaboration with Waseda University and the University of Tokyo. The Osaka Plain is connected with Kyoto and Nara. The Japan Trench is created as the oceanic Pacific Plate subducts beneath the continental Okhotsk Plate. Kyoto and Nara are the ancient capitals and cultural heart of Japan. These 11 areas were defined by JMA in consideration of climatic characteristics. It spread over vast areas around the volcano and reached Edo almost 100 kilometres (60 mi) away. It has a carrot-like shape, with the major axis extending from southwest to northeast and a wide southern part narrowing toward the north. This created a very deep lake with a maximum depth of 104 m (341 ft). Four times a day, we generate maps of more than a dozen types. , The subduction zone is where the oceanic crust slides beneath the continental crust or other oceanic plates. New Year is one of Japan's three major travel seasons with intensive domestic and international travel activity. & Kato M. (2011). Thus Tsushima island in the Korea Strait was a land bridge that connected Kyushu and the southern tip of Honshu with the Korean peninsula. , During the Pleistocene (2.58 million years BCE) glacial cycles, the Japanese islands may have occasionally been connected to the Eurasian Continent via the Korea Strait and the Korean Peninsula or Sakhalin.  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